Tocqueville, Charles-Alexis-Clérel de

(1805-1859)
   historian, political figure
   Charles-Alexis-Clérel de Tocqueville, who wrote a classic study of the United States, was born in Paris, where he studied law. A magistrate during the restoration, he was commissioned by the july monarchy to travel to the United States to do a study of the American penal system. He expanded on that subject and wrote De la Démocratie en Amérique (Democracy in America; 1835-40), for which he is famous. Even in the United States, this work has always been considered the most incisive and prophetic analysis of American culture and civilization. A deputy, then foreign minister (1849), Toc-queville left political life after the coup d'état of December 2, 1851, and dedicated himself to historical studies; his work L'ancien Régime et la Révolution (1856) was widely received. As in his other writings, Tocqueville, through a penetrating analysis of the principal political and social ideas of his age, emphasized the evolutionary aspects underlying all social changes. He interpreted the French revolution of 1789 as the result of gradual changes in the structure of government and in political attitudes toward freedom and equality. The great danger, as he stated, is the loss of freedom in the name of the popular will, and he concluded that the remedies to avoid such a despotism of the majority are at once political (decentralization, freedom of the press, defense of local liberties), social (development of associations), and judicial (independence of judiciary power). This presentation, based on historical facts, uses a methodology that evokes that of Montesquieu, whom Tocqueville approaches in his rigorous logic and his clear and austere style. Tocqueville was elected to the Académie Française in 1858.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tocqueville, Charles-Alexis-Henri-Maurice-Clerel de — • Writer and statesman (1805 1859) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tocqueville, Charles Alexis Henri-Clérel de — ► (1805 59) Político y escritor francés. Publicó su obra La democracia en América (1835), que se considera clásica, a la cual siguió El Antiguo Régimen y la Revolución, no menos importante. Fue ministro de Asuntos Exteriores (1848) y se opuso al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tocqueville — (Charles Alexis Clérel de) (1805 1859) écrivain et homme politique français. Au retour d un voyage aux È. U., il publia De la démocratie en Amérique (1835 1840); en 1856, l Ancien Régime et la Révolution. Acad. fr. (1841) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tocqueville-Effekt — Alexis de Tocqueville Charles Alexis Henri Maurice Clérel de Tocqueville [ʃaʀl alɛkˈsi ɑ̃ˈʀi mɔˈʀis kleˈʀɛl dətɔkˈvil] (* 29. Juli 1805 in Verneuil sur Seine; † 16. April 1859 in Cannes) war ein französischer Publizist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexis de Tocqueville — Charles Alexis Henri Maurice Clérel de Tocqueville [ʃaʀl alɛkˈsi ɑ̃ˈʀi mɔˈʀis kleˈʀɛl dətɔkˈvil] (* 29. Juli 1805 in Verneuil sur Seine; † 16. April 1859 in Cannes) war ein französischer P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexis de Tocqueville —     Alexis de Tocqueville     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alexis de Tocqueville     (CHARLES ALEXIS HENRI MAURICE CLEREL DE TOCQUEVILLE)     Writer and statesman, b. at Verneuil, Department of Seine et Oise, 29 July 1805; d. at Cannes, 16 April,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tocqueville — Tocqueville, Charles Alexis Henri Clérel de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tocqueville — (izg. tokvȉl), Charles Alexis Clérel de (1805 1859) DEFINICIJA francuski političar, politički teoretičar i povjesničar; veliki zagovornik građanske liberalne demokracije, istaknuti protivnik diktature Napoleona III; uime demokracije… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Alexis de Tocqueville — Tocqueville redirects here. For other uses, see Tocqueville (disambiguation). Alexis Charles Henri Clérel de Tocqueville Full name Alexis Charles Henri Clérel de Tocqueville Born 29 July 1805(1805 07 29) …   Wikipedia

  • Alexis de Tocqueville — «Tocqueville» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Tocqueville (desambiguación). Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis de Tocqueville por Théodore Chassériau (1850). Palacio de Versalles …   Wikipedia Español

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